Unintentional injuries cause in millions of hospital visits each year. Fortunately, if you’re prepared, many common, minor injuries may be treated at home with only a few medical supplies.
You can buy a ready-made first aid kit or an emergency survival kit, but it’s also simple to put together your emergency pack and tailor it to your family’s requirements. When assembling your first aid kit, ensure you have the essential things listed below.
You’ll first need a watertight container to keep everything in. Invest in a soft bag with various pockets to keep your belongings tidy. You may repurpose a backpack or buy a first aid kit.
In addition to the container, you will need plastic bags and pill bottles to carry smaller items and a marker to name them.
Have a list of emergency phone numbers for physicians, dentists, local hospitals, and key family connections. If you or a family member takes medicine or needs insulin, have a few dosages in your kit and a cooler travel bag (freeze the cold packs before you need them). Have a backup supply at home if you run out of your prescription or can’t get to the pharmacy.
Here are a few pointers for maintaining drugs in your emergency kit:
- Keep medicines in their original containers to ensure you have all necessary information, including doses, cautions, and pharmacist contact information.
- Check medicine expiry dates regularly and replace them as required. Some need replacement every six months.
- Keep insulin in a cool area if you need it.
You can also attach a sticky note on the outside of your kit to remind you to take insulin from the fridge so it doesn’t get forgotten when leaving in a rush, along with your cold packs.
Ensure you always clean cuts, wounds, and bites as soon as possible to avoid infection and skin discomfort. In your first aid box, have antibacterial soap, hydrogen peroxide, and pain-relieving antibiotic ointment.
Before treating a wound, wash your hands with soap and rinse it with hydrogen peroxide. You may use a topical liquid solution or antiseptic wipes.
If you or your children are allergic to hydrogen peroxide, consider Bactine, which is non-stinging. Apply pain relief ointment after cleansing.
Ointments and creams
Every first-aid kit should have aloe vera gel and anti-itch lotion.
Aloe vera gel is essential for soothing and curing burns because it softly hydrates the skin, soothes irritation, and prevents bleeding. Cortizone lotion relieves irritation caused by insect bites and lowers inflammation and redness caused by rashes.
Pain medications are essential for relieving pain caused by an accident or sickness. Keep pain medicines on hand, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen—or all three.
- Aspirin may be used to treat headaches, pains, fevers, and joint discomfort.
- Acetaminophen relieves headaches, but unlike aspirin, it is not an anti-inflammatory. Therefore, it will not relieve muscle pain or sprains.
- Ibuprofen may also be used to treat headaches, joint and muscular discomfort, fevers, and inflammation, making it an excellent choice if you have the flu.
Aspirin should be avoided if a child has had a virus since it may cause Reye’s syndrome. So, if you have a non-aspirin pain reliever, you won’t have to worry about treating a headache with what you have on hand.
You never know when you’ll get food poisoning, the flu, an allergic response, or consume something that doesn’t agree with you. While a doctor can only prescribe time, over-the-counter medications may assist in easing your discomfort.
Keep antacid pills and Pepto-Bismol in your first-aid box for heartburn, indigestion, stomach distress, or diarrhea. An antihistamine may help with sneezing, itching, and a runny nose if you suffer from seasonal allergies.
Wraps and bandages
Every first-aid kit should have a variety of bandages and wraps for minor wounds, burns, scrapes, sprains, and strains. You may treat them with the proper bandages instead of going to the doctor for minor injuries.
Your first aid box should include a variety of sticky bandages, gauze for deeper wounds, an aluminum splint to offer support for damaged or sprained limbs, and athletic tape to protect susceptible or sore joints.
A few essential medical items are required in your first aid bag. A thermometer is necessary for monitoring your temperature and distinguishing between feeling unwell and having to see a doctor.
Keep tweezers on, ready to remove any splinters or tiny foreign objects stuck in your skin. You’ll also need blunt-tip scissors to cut bandages and gauze without inadvertently harming yourself and an instant cold compress to relieve aches and pains.
When a major artery has been cut and considerable bleeding, pressure may be inadequate, and a tourniquet may be required. Tourniquets are an efficient method of preventing severe bleeding. However, they cut off circulation to the afflicted extremity and should be used ONLY after other techniques, such as pressure dressings, have failed (or are about to fail). Tourniquet pressure must be removed regularly to avoid tissue damage from a lack of oxygen.
Single-use CPR kit
Chest compressions are the most critical element of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. When several cardiac health groups discovered rescue breathing (mouth-to-mouth) is often a barrier to CPR treatment, public service campaigns emphasized hands-on CPR.
However, rescue breathing may still be useful in rare situations by supplying oxygen into a person’s lungs during CPR. It is especially crucial when conducting CPR on children, those with chronic lung disease or acute asthma, and those rescued from drowning or an overdose.
A single-use CPR mask may be useful. A thin plastic barrier with a raised plastic center enables airflow to pass through, lowering the danger of infectious illness and eliminating the need for CPR with rescue breathing before aid comes.
CPR masks for single use are affordable, frequently available in multipacks, and save lives. Not only should one be in every first aid kit, but it is also a good idea to always carry one in your purse or bag.
Once you’ve prepared your first aid kit, ensure it’s well-stocked and up to date. Check your supplies every six months, refill with products from https://www.sammedical.com/, and replace them as needed.